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In 2017, 1.33 billion tons of crushed stone valued at more than $15 billion was produced
Original source: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

Domestic Production and Use: In 2017, 1.33 billion tons of crushed stone valued at more than $15 billion was produced by an estimated 1,400 companies operating 3,700 quarries and 187 sales/distribution yards in 50 States.

Leading States were, in descending order of production, Texas, Pennsylvania, Florida, North Carolina, Ohio, Missouri, Georgia, Kentucky, Virginia, and Indiana, which together accounted for more than one-half of the total crushed stone output.

Of the total domestic crushed stone produced in 2017, about 70% was limestone and dolomite; 13%, granite; 6%, traprock; 5%, miscellaneous stone; 4%, sandstone and quartzite; and the remaining 2% was divided, in descending order of tonnage, among marble, volcanic cinder and scoria, calcareous marl, slate, and shell.

It is estimated that of the 1.39 billion tons of crushed stone consumed in the United States in 2017, 76% was used as construction material, mostly for road construction and maintenance; 11% for cement manufacturing; 7% for lime manufacturing; 4% for other chemical, special, and miscellaneous uses and products; and 2% for agricultural uses.

The estimated output of crushed stone in the United States shipped for consumption in the first 9 months of 2017 was 1.01 billion tons, a slight decrease compared with that of the same period of 2016. Third quarter shipments for consumption decreased slightly compared with those of the same period of 2016.

Recycling: Road surfaces made of asphalt and crushed stone and portland cement concrete surface layers and structures were recycled on a limited but increasing basis in most States. Asphalt road surfaces and concrete were recycled in all 50 States.

Events, Trends, and Issues: Crushed stone production was about 1.33 billion tons in 2017, a slight decrease compared with that of 2016. Apparent consumption also decreased to about 1.39 billion tons. Demand for crushed stone was lower in 2017 because States along the Gulf Coast and in the Southeast were affected by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma, which led to decreased demand and production in these areas.

Long-term increases in construction aggregates demand will be influenced by activity in the public and private construction sectors, as well as by construction work related to security measures being implemented around the Nation. The underlying factors that would support a rise in prices of crushed stone are expected to be present in 2018, especially in and near metropolitan areas.

World Resources: Stone resources of the world are very large. Supply of high-purity limestone and dolomite suitable for specialty uses is limited in many geographic areas. The largest resources of high-purity limestone and dolomite in the United States are in the central and eastern parts of the country.
Substitutes: Crushed stone substitutes for roadbuilding include sand and gravel, and iron and steel slag. Substitutes for crushed stone used as construction aggregates include construction sand and gravel, iron and steel slag, sintered or expanded clay or shale, perlite, or vermiculite.


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